Social infrastructure as a coping mechanism from adversities in flood-prone areas during the COVID-19 pandemic

John John C. Ong1,*

Author Affliations

1The Graduate School, College of Architecture, University of Santo Tomas, España, Metro Manila
*[email protected]


Over the past decade or more, governments across the developed countries have been identifying the liabilities involved in failing to provide for adequate social infrastructure in particular local communities. The failure to make adequate provision for social infrastructure in the past has exacerbated problems in these areas. When robust, Klinenberg argues that social infrastructure "fosters contact, mutual support, and collaboration among friends and neighbors; when degraded, it inhibits social activity, leaving families and individuals to fend for themselves." The types of social infrastructure include health care, education, and public facilities. The study explores how social infrastructures in the Philippines are perceived and used during disasters during the COVID-19 pandemic. The focus of the study was the Barangay San Andres in Cainta, Rizal, the Philippines, a community along the riverbank of the Manggahan floodway that is often affected by disasters such as floods, fire, and pandemics. This study examines the use of places of worship, basketball courts, and schools as a social infrastructure and a coping (supporting) mechanism during the COVID-19 pandemic through a photo-elicitation.