About the Journal

The Antoninus Journal (ISSN: 2423-3084) is a multidisciplinary journal published by the Graduate School of the University of Santo Tomas (Manila, Philippines). It was first released in February 2015 and is considered as the successor of ad Veritatem, which used to be the official scholarly publication of the UST Graduate School.

Focus and Scope

The Antoninus Journal (ISSN: 2423-3084) is an annual, peer-reviewed journal written in English and / Filipino (with English abstract) that publishes high quality research articles, theoretical and critical essays and reviews. The journal accepts manuscripts from a broad range of disciplines covering the natural and applied sciences, social sciences and education, arts and humanities, health sciences, business and management - core program offerings in the UST Graduate School. The journal aims to build up quality information that are relevant and of significance to the Church, society, and the environment.

Publication Ethics

The Antoninus Journal (TAJ) strongly adheres to research and publication ethics. Manuscripts are accepted for review and eventual publication under the assumption that it is original; and that all listed authors (for multi-authored papers) agree to the contents of the submitted version. The paper should not have been published elsewhere nor should it have been submitted for review / publication simultaneous with the submission to TAJ. Proper acknowledgement and citation of other results or publications should be made by the authors throughout the manuscript. Plagiarism will not be tolerated and will mean automatic rejection of the paper. Change in authorship or order of authors will not be accepted after acceptance has been issued by TAJ editorial board. Breach of ethical procedures will result in the automatic rejection of the manuscript and legal action will be taken as needed.

TAJ adopts the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) rules and guidelines.

Open Access Policy

The journal provides immediate open access to its contents. TAJ articles are protected under the Intellectual Property Code of the Philippines. Articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial License which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the work is properly cited.

Publication Frequency

TAJ is published annually. PDF’s of “online-first” editions of articles are uploaded in the website upon acceptance of the manuscript. This will be replaced by the final PDF version upon the finalization of the laid out version of the article which will be sent to the author for final approval prior to uploading it in the website.

Editorial Board

Rey Donne S. Papa, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Freshwater Biology) – Editor-in-Chief

Associate Editors

Ma. Alicia M. Aguinaldo, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Chemistry of Natural Products with antitubercular and antidiabetic property, Phytochemistry, Chemical transformations of natural products for structure-activity relationships, Chemistry of microbial metabolites) – Associate Editor for Chemistry

Grecebio Jonathan D. Alejandro, Dr.rer.Nat. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Systematics and Taxonomy of Philippine Flora, Molecular Phylogenetics, DNA Barcoding) – Associate Editor for Plant Systematics and Botany

Joyce L. Arriola, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Postcolonial and Postmodern Philippine Literature, Media, and Cultural Studies) – Associate Editor for Literature and Communication

Clarence M. Batan, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Sociology of Children and Youth) – Associate Editor for Social Sciences

Michael Francis Benjamin, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Bioenergy, Risk Analysis, Computer Aided Process Engineering) – Associate Editor for Engineering

Paolo A. Bolaños, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Nietzsche, Adorno, Deleuze, Frankfurt School Critical Theory, and Post-Marxism) – Associate Editor for Philosophy

Mary Ann V. Bulanadi, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Curatorial Exhibit Design, Adaptive Reuse and Sustainability) – Associate Editor for Architecture and Fine Arts

Ma. Socorro P. Calara, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Economics, Business and Finance) – Associate Editor for Business and Management

Agnes L. Castillo, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Drug Delivery and Product Development, Inflammation, Immunopharmacology) – Associate Editor for Pharmaceutical Sciences

Ryan Francis Cayubit, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Educational Psychology, Measurement, Assessment, Quantitative Methods) – Associate Editor for Psychology

Krystian Chołaszczyński, Ph.D. (College of Social Culture and Media, Toruń, Poland; Specialization: African Studies, Ethnopolitics, Contemporary Political Systems) – Associate Editor for Political Science

Maria Ruth B. Pineda-Cortel, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, DengueMolecular Diagnostics) – Associate Editor for Medical Technology

Rowena L. Escolar-Chua, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Geriatric Nursing, Nursing Pharmacology, Nursing Education, Nursing Ethics, Medical-Surgical Nursing) – Associate Editor for Health Sciences

James D’Angelo, Ph.D. (Chukyo University, Japan; Specialization: World Englishes) – Associate Editor for English Language Studies

Allan B. De Guzman, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Educational Gerontology, Teacher Education, Leadership Behavior and Comparative Education) – Associate Editor for Education

Francis Lawrence De Jesus, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Banking, Investment, Financial Sector Research) – Associate Editor for Commerce

Angelo R. Dela Cruz, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines: Specialization: Image and Video Signal Processing and Communications, Bio-signal Processing and Intelligent Systems Design for Digital Healthcare, Joint Source-Channel Coding Techniques, Multimedia Signal Processing and Communications, Cross-Layer Error Control Optimization, Pattern Recognition, and Intelligent Systems) – Associate Editor for Electronics and Communications Engineering

Augusto V. De Viana, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines: Specialization: Philippine History, Japanese History, World War 2, Philippine-Japanese Relations, Micronesian History, History of the Malay World, Oral History) – Associate Editor for History

Darren Yeo Chong Jinn, Ph.D. (National University of Singapore, Singapore; Specialization: Freshwater and Invasion Biology) – Associate Editor for Invertebrate Systematics and Ecology

Jinhyoung Lee, Ph.D. (Konkuk University, South Korea; Specialization: theories of the novel, the modern Korean novel and criticism in the colonial era, diaspora, hybridity, (post)coloniality, mobility humanities studies, and emancipatory politics in the post-colonial era) – Associate Editor for the Humanities

Edgar V. Lerma, M.D. (University of Illinois at Chicago, USA; Specialization: Nephrology and Internal Medicine) – Associate Editor for Medicine

Donald S. Lipardo, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines: Specialization: Physical Therapy, Geriatric Rehabilitation, Education) – Associate Editor for Rehabilitation Sciences

Marilu R. Madrunio, Ph.D. (University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; Specialization: Forensic Linguistics, Sociolinguistics, World Englishes, Discourse Analysis, Intercultural/Contrastive Rhetoric) – Associate Editor for English Language Studies

Gil M. Penuliar, Ph.D. (University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines; Specialization: Microbiology, Molecular Biology and Parasitology) – Associate Editor for Microbiology

Jomar F. Rabajante, D.Sc. (University of the Philippines Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines; Specialization: Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Biology, Biomathematics) – Associate Editor for Mathematics

Jose Victor Torres, Ph.D. (De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines: Specialization: History, Urban History) – Associate Editor for History

Fang-Ying Yang, Ed.D. (National Taiwan Normal University, Taiwan; Specialization: Science Education, Cognitive Psychology) – Associate Editor for Science Education

Consultants
Rev. Fr. Rodel E. Aligan, O.P., S.Th.D.
Prof. Michael Anthony C. Vasco, Ph.D.
Prof. Camilla J. Vizconde, Ph.D.

Editorial Team
Cecilia Banag Moran, Dr.rer.nat. - Managing Editor
Blesilda P. Badoc-Gonzales - Asst. Managing Editor
Paula Nichole C. Bautista - Co-Assistant Managing Editor
Peter Jeff Camaro - Copy Editor
Irisse Bianca De Jesus - Layout Editor
Isabella Escobar - Asst. Layout Editor
Maria Corazon A. Buena - Language Editor
Liel Alexzis B. Laciste - TAJ Office Staff
Louie Lester Pascual - Webmaster